Day 6

Learn Hindi

Hope you have set up a time aside for learning Hindi everyday and are sticking to the routine you have planned for yourself.

In this lesson you will learn to ask someone to do something by using the verb ‘keejiye’. If you want someone to do some work right now you can say, ‘Abhi kaam keejiye or karo’. In this the polite way of saying this is to use ‘keejiye’ and the non-polite form to use with near and dear ones is to use, ‘karo’.

You might tell your collegue for example, ‘Abhi kaam keejiye’, here Abhi means now, so you are saying, ‘Work now’ and you are saying it politely.

You might tell your daughter, ‘Abhi kaam karo’ here you are using the non-polite form to convey the meaning, ‘Work now’ or ‘Do the work now’.

You may also say, ‘Abhi kaam karo. Baat mat karo’, This will mean you are saying, ‘Work now. Don’t talk’. So you mean to insist that this is the time for work and not the time for chit chat.

Similarly for a collegue we may say, ‘Work now. We will talk later.’ For this you will say in Hindi, ‘Abhi kaam keejiye. Baad me baat karenge’.

‘madad’ means help. ‘madad keejiye’ ‘abhi madad keejiye’, help now, ‘abhi meri madad keejiye’ help me now. Here the word ‘meri’ means me, in other contexts you can use ‘meri’ to indicate personal possession, ‘meri beti’ means my daughter.

Wach the video to learn more sentences using the verb ‘keejiye’.

Did you notice the difference between the polite and non-polite form in the last part of the video?

‘Ma aap aaraam keejiye’ and ‘Beta tum call karo’ You are addressing your mother politely using ‘keejiye’ and you are using ‘karo’ to talk to your son.

Let’s learn some of the letters now!

You have already studied the words related to letters ‘a’ to ‘a:’ in Day 5 lesson. Revise them.

‘anaar’ pomegranate, ‘akhbaar’ newspaper, ‘avasar’ opportunity, ‘anumati’ permission – these words begin with the Hindi letter ‘a’ अ

The shape of the letter might remind you of number three and the English letter T linked together.

By adding one more line to it we get the longer ‘aa’ sound. Some of the words that begin with the ‘aa’ sound are ‘aam’ mango, ‘aayinaa’ mirror and ‘aaloo’ potato.

If you remove the T part we get the ‘u’ sound /u/ the middle sound of the word good. Some of the words beginning with ‘u’ sound are ‘ulloo’ owl, ‘unnees’ nineteen, and ‘udhyaan’ garden.

Note that all the Hindi letters have a line on top. Check the difference in the way ‘a’, ‘aa’ and ‘u’ are written. In the first two the line is on the T part and in the third the line is on the 3.

To make this a longer ‘oo’ sound we just need to add a tail to it.

This is the middle sound in words like, cool, tool, fool, etc. Some of the words that begin with this letter are ‘oont’ camel, ‘oon’ wool and ‘oorjaa’ energy.

Practise writing these letters and identify these letters in newspaper headlines, notice boards, flyers, etc.

The last two letters of the alphabet ‘am’ ‘aha’ also use the first ‘a’ and add a dot above and a colon mark next to it. So they are also easy for you to read and write.

If you learn this much you have learnt 6 letters of the Hindi alphabet. Go through this book and learn to say some of the words that begin with these letters. Learn the meaning of the words.

Exercises Day 6:

  1. Watch the video, repeat the sentences and post the audio in the WhatsApp group.
  2. Think of some other sentences that you can say with ‘keejiye’ or ‘karo’.
  3. Identify the letters ‘a’, ‘aa’, ‘u’, ‘oo’, ‘am’ and ‘aha’ in newspaper headlines and noticeboards.
  4. Write the letters ‘a’, ‘aa’, ‘u’, ‘oo’, ‘am’ and ‘aha’.
  5. Learn some of the words that begin with these letters and learn their meanings.

Go back to Day 1

Go to Learn Hindi Day 7